Study: exercise in old age prevents immune system from declining | attractionsmanagement.com news
POST YOUR JOB ONLINE
Free ezine/digital edition sign up
Jobs . News . Features . Video . Products . Magazine . Handbook . Advertise . Contact us  
NEWS
Study: exercise in old age prevents immune system from declining
POSTED 13 Mar 2018 . BY Tom Walker
Regular exercise in older age can prevent the human immune system from declining and protect people against illness, according to a study by King's College London and the University of Birmingham.

A study of amateur, older cyclists found that many had levels of physiological function that would place them at a much younger age, when compared to the general population.

The study, published in the Aging Cell journal, observed 84 male and 41 female cycling enthusiasts – aged 55 to 79 – in order to explore how the ageing process affects the human body and whether specific physiological markers can be used to determine your age.

For the study, Cyclists were recruited to exclude the effects of a sedentary lifestyle, which can aggravate health problems and cause changes in the body, which might appear to be due to the ageing process.

The men had to be able to cycle 100 km in under 6.5 hours, while the women had to be able to cycle 60 km in 5.5 hours. Smokers, heavy drinkers and those with high blood pressure or other health conditions were excluded from the study.

Participants underwent two days of laboratory testing at King’s College and each participant was given a physiological profile which included a wide range of measures – from cardiovascular, respiratory, neuromuscular and metabolic to endocrine and cognitive functions.

Volunteers’ reflexes, muscle strength, oxygen uptake during exercise and peak explosive cycling power were also determined.

The study showed that loss of muscle mass and strength did not occur in those who exercise regularly. The cyclists also did not increase their body fat or cholesterol levels with age and the men’s testosterone levels also remained high, suggesting that they may have avoided most of the male menopause.

More surprisingly, the study also revealed that the benefits of exercise extend beyond muscle as the cyclists also had an immune system that did not seem to have aged either.

An organ called the thymus, which makes immune cells called T cells, starts to shrink from the age of 20 and makes less T cells. In this study, however, the cyclists’ thymuses were making as many T cells as those of a young person.

The findings come as figures show that less than half of over 65s do enough exercise to stay healthy and more than half of those aged over 65 suffer from at least two diseases.

"The findings emphasise the fact that the cyclists do not exercise because they are healthy, but that they are healthy because they have been exercising for such a large proportion of their lives," said professor Stephen Harridge, director of the Centre of Human & Aerospace Physiological Sciences at King’s College London.

“Their bodies have been allowed to age optimally, free from the problems usually caused by inactivity. Remove the activity and their health would likely deteriorate.”

Dr Ross Pollock, lead author of the paper from King’s College London, added: “A sedentary lifestyle causes physiological problems at any age. Hence the confusion as to how much the decline in bodily functions is due to the natural ageing process and how much is due to the combined effects of ageing and inactivity.

“In many models of ageing lifespan is the primary measure, but in human beings this is arguably less important than the consequences of deterioration in health. Healthy life expectancy – our healthspan - is not keeping pace with the average lifespan, and the years we spend with poor health and disabilities in old age are growing.”
MORE NEWS
Government focuses on regional growth, with launch of £20m culture fund
Britain's minister for arts, Michael Ellis, has launched a £20m fund for culture, heritage and the creative industries to benefit towns and cities across England.
MuseumNext Europe 2018: Don't deflect responsibility on the issue of diversity
Diversity was among the topics up for discussion at this year's MuseumNext conference in London, with Shaz Hussain, assistant curator at the London Science Museum, telling delegates not "deflect responsibility" on the issue.
National Geographic uses augmented reality to create world's first open-air planetarium in Canada
National Geographic has teamed up with augmented reality provider Aryzon to create the world's first open air planetarium, using AR to project images into the night sky for a unique stargazing experience.
Comcast bid rejected as Fox agrees new merger deal with Disney
The Disney/Fox merger is back on, after Fox accepted a larger Disney offer days after Comcast attempted to hijack the deal.
+ More news   
LATEST JOBS
Groups Sales and Marketing Executive
Royal Horticultural Society
Salary: Circa £25k depending on experience
Job location: Wisley, Woking, UK
Head of Commercial Operations
The Silverstone Experience
Salary: £50,000- 55,000 pro-rata per annum + benefits
Job location: Northamptonshire, UK
Chief Operating Officer
Brooklands Museum Trust Ltd
Salary: £60,000
Job location: Weybridge, Surrey, UK
Commercial Leisure Manager - Coastal Attractions
Denbighshire County Council
Salary: £41,846 — £44,697 (plus up to £8,000 relocation allowance)
Job location: Rhyl, UK
Theming Production Manager
Merlin Entertainments Group
Salary: Competitive
Job location: Staffordshire, UK
Fastrack and VIP Team Leader
Thorpe Park Resort
Salary: Competitive
Job location: Chertsey, UK
+ More jobs  

COMPANY PROFILE
iPlayCo – International Play Co.

iPlayCo was established in 1999. iPlayCo Corporation Ltd is the owner and key stakeholder. [more...]
+ More profiles  
FEATURED SUPPLIER

IAAPA ASIA 2018: WhiteWater signs exclusive distribution deal with Life Floor
WhiteWater has entered into a new partnership with flooring manufacturer, Life Floor. [more...]
VIDEO GALLERY

ParadropVR by Frontgrid
Offering a truly immersive VR experience. Find out more...
More videos:
The innovative fun climbing concept – Clip 'n Climb
Birds of a Feather 4D Trailer – nWave Pictures
Red Raion - VR/5D Films Showreel 2016 – Red Raion
+ More videos  

CATALOGUE GALLERY
 

+ More catalogues  
ATTRACTIONS DIRECTORY
+ More directory  
ATTRACTIONS DIARY

02 Jul 2018

London Venues Summit

Hilton London Canary Wharf, London, United Kingdom
06-08 Jul 2018

International Game and Amusement Fair (GAF)

Wuhan International Expo Center , Wuhan, China
+ More diary  
LATEST ISSUES
+ View Magazine Archive

Attractions Management

2018 issue 2


View issue contents
View on turning pages
Download PDF
FREE digital subscription
Print subscription

Attractions Management

2018 issue 1


View issue contents
View on turning pages
Download PDF
FREE digital subscription
Print subscription

Attractions Management

2017 issue 4


View issue contents
View on turning pages
Download PDF
FREE digital subscription
Print subscription

Attractions Management

2017 issue 3


View issue contents
View on turning pages
Download PDF
FREE digital subscription
Print subscription

Attractions Management News

13 Jun 2018 issue 106


View on turning pages
Download PDF
View archive
FREE digital subscription
Print subscription

Attractions Handbook

2018


View issue contents
View on turning pages
Download PDF
FREE digital subscription
Print subscription
 
ABOUT LEISURE MEDIA
LEISURE MEDIA MAGAZINES
LEISURE MEDIA HANDBOOKS
LEISURE MEDIA WEBSITES
LEISURE MEDIA PRODUCT SEARCH
 
ATTRACTIONS MANAGEMENT
ATTRACTIONS MANAGEMENT NEWS
ATTRACTIONS HANDBOOK
PRINT SUBSCRIPTIONS
FREE DIGITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS
ADVERTISE . CONTACT US

Leisure Media, Portmill House, Portmill Lane,
Hitchin, Hertfordshire SG5 1DJ Tel: +44 (0)1462 431385

©Cybertrek 2018
Jobs . News . Products . Magazine
NEWS
Study: exercise in old age prevents immune system from declining
POSTED 13 Mar 2018 . BY Tom Walker
Regular exercise in older age can prevent the human immune system from declining and protect people against illness, according to a study by King's College London and the University of Birmingham.

A study of amateur, older cyclists found that many had levels of physiological function that would place them at a much younger age, when compared to the general population.

The study, published in the Aging Cell journal, observed 84 male and 41 female cycling enthusiasts – aged 55 to 79 – in order to explore how the ageing process affects the human body and whether specific physiological markers can be used to determine your age.

For the study, Cyclists were recruited to exclude the effects of a sedentary lifestyle, which can aggravate health problems and cause changes in the body, which might appear to be due to the ageing process.

The men had to be able to cycle 100 km in under 6.5 hours, while the women had to be able to cycle 60 km in 5.5 hours. Smokers, heavy drinkers and those with high blood pressure or other health conditions were excluded from the study.

Participants underwent two days of laboratory testing at King’s College and each participant was given a physiological profile which included a wide range of measures – from cardiovascular, respiratory, neuromuscular and metabolic to endocrine and cognitive functions.

Volunteers’ reflexes, muscle strength, oxygen uptake during exercise and peak explosive cycling power were also determined.

The study showed that loss of muscle mass and strength did not occur in those who exercise regularly. The cyclists also did not increase their body fat or cholesterol levels with age and the men’s testosterone levels also remained high, suggesting that they may have avoided most of the male menopause.

More surprisingly, the study also revealed that the benefits of exercise extend beyond muscle as the cyclists also had an immune system that did not seem to have aged either.

An organ called the thymus, which makes immune cells called T cells, starts to shrink from the age of 20 and makes less T cells. In this study, however, the cyclists’ thymuses were making as many T cells as those of a young person.

The findings come as figures show that less than half of over 65s do enough exercise to stay healthy and more than half of those aged over 65 suffer from at least two diseases.

"The findings emphasise the fact that the cyclists do not exercise because they are healthy, but that they are healthy because they have been exercising for such a large proportion of their lives," said professor Stephen Harridge, director of the Centre of Human & Aerospace Physiological Sciences at King’s College London.

“Their bodies have been allowed to age optimally, free from the problems usually caused by inactivity. Remove the activity and their health would likely deteriorate.”

Dr Ross Pollock, lead author of the paper from King’s College London, added: “A sedentary lifestyle causes physiological problems at any age. Hence the confusion as to how much the decline in bodily functions is due to the natural ageing process and how much is due to the combined effects of ageing and inactivity.

“In many models of ageing lifespan is the primary measure, but in human beings this is arguably less important than the consequences of deterioration in health. Healthy life expectancy – our healthspan - is not keeping pace with the average lifespan, and the years we spend with poor health and disabilities in old age are growing.”
MORE NEWS
Government focuses on regional growth, with launch of £20m culture fund
Britain's minister for arts, Michael Ellis, has launched a £20m fund for culture, heritage and the creative industries to benefit towns and cities across England.
MuseumNext Europe 2018: Don't deflect responsibility on the issue of diversity
Diversity was among the topics up for discussion at this year's MuseumNext conference in London, with Shaz Hussain, assistant curator at the London Science Museum, telling delegates not "deflect responsibility" on the issue.
National Geographic uses augmented reality to create world's first open-air planetarium in Canada
National Geographic has teamed up with augmented reality provider Aryzon to create the world's first open air planetarium, using AR to project images into the night sky for a unique stargazing experience.
Comcast bid rejected as Fox agrees new merger deal with Disney
The Disney/Fox merger is back on, after Fox accepted a larger Disney offer days after Comcast attempted to hijack the deal.
+ More news   
LATEST JOBS
Groups Sales and Marketing Executive
Royal Horticultural Society
Salary: Circa £25k depending on experience
Job location: Wisley, Woking, UK
Head of Commercial Operations
The Silverstone Experience
Salary: £50,000- 55,000 pro-rata per annum + benefits
Job location: Northamptonshire, UK
Chief Operating Officer
Brooklands Museum Trust Ltd
Salary: £60,000
Job location: Weybridge, Surrey, UK
Commercial Leisure Manager - Coastal Attractions
Denbighshire County Council
Salary: £41,846 — £44,697 (plus up to £8,000 relocation allowance)
Job location: Rhyl, UK
Theming Production Manager
Merlin Entertainments Group
Salary: Competitive
Job location: Staffordshire, UK
Fastrack and VIP Team Leader
Thorpe Park Resort
Salary: Competitive
Job location: Chertsey, UK
+ More jobs  
 


ADVERTISE . CONTACT US

Leisure Media, Portmill House, Portmill Lane,
Hitchin, Hertfordshire SG5 1DJ Tel: +44 (0)1462 431385

©Cybertrek 2018

ABOUT LEISURE MEDIA
LEISURE MEDIA MAGAZINES
LEISURE MEDIA HANDBOOKS
LEISURE MEDIA WEBSITES
LEISURE MEDIA PRODUCT SEARCH
ATTRACTIONS MANAGEMENT NEWS
ATTRACTIONS HANDBOOK
PRINT SUBSCRIPTIONS
FREE DIGITAL SUBSCRIPTIONS